The Department of Phsyiotheraphy at Columbia Asia Hospitals

Restoring Function and Improving Lives:

Rehabilitation aims at improving the ability of the patient to carry out his/her daily activities that have been affected by illness, injury, or surgery.  Here at Columbia Asia Hospitals, the physicians, the physical therapists, the occupational therapists, and the speech-language pathologists work as a team and engage with you, your family, and your other health care providers to deliver the right care at the right time.  No matter how diverse your needs may be, our staff will come together to enable the team understand your goals so that they can offer support to you and your family as a whole.

Treating the person “as a whole”
By treating the person “as a whole” means that it is not just treating the patient’s physical symptoms. Injuries, diseases, and medical problems can have profound influence on the emotional wellbeing of the patient and his/her family. Therefore, treatment aims at providing not only relief of physical symptoms but also relief of mental stress and agony.

Physiotherapy is a health care profession that offers a wide range of specialized services. The aim is of physiotherapy is to make a proper diagnosis and afford customized treatment in order to prevent further damage or disease. Physiotherapists work primarily with people recovering from injuries. The goal is to get patients back in motion with exercises, massage, and other techniques, and therapy usually happens in the hospital setting.  Physical therapy often focuses on preventing further injuries, and it can help people to avoid surgery or a long-term dependence on medications.

Our physiotherapists assist their patients, ably, so that they recover quickly and become independent. This is done  by targeting the therapy on those systems of the body related to movement and muscle strength.  Physical therapists at Columbia Asia Referral Hospital work with the patients to evolve the best course of treatment for them. They focus on applying therapy to those parts of the body that cause limitation of the ability to move, to play sports, or to perform activities of daily living.

The inpatient and outpatient services offered by Physiotherapy are designed with a primary goal in mind:  to restore function of the concerned body parts and to achieve better quality of life on the whole.  Whether it is about managing pain, or learning to walk, or preparing to work, or adjusting to life after illness, our team of experts engages with the patient and his/her family to design a customized treatment plan tailored to suit the patient's absolute needs.

“The goal of Physiotherapy is to get your body back to its original function as soon as possible.”

Physiotherapy is offered to individuals who are experiencing:
  • Back and neck pain.
  • Brain injury and stroke.
  • Joint and muscle pain.
  • Spinal cord injuries.
  • Sports-related injuries.
  • Joint restriction and adhesions.
  • Parkinson and stroke rehabilitation.
  • Falls and fractures.
  • Arthritis and osteoporosis.
Physiotherapy is offered to individuals who are recovering from:
  • Brain injury or stroke.
  • Cancer.
  • Spinal cord injuries and other neurological conditions.
  • Other medical conditions affecting activities of daily living.
Our multidisciplinary team provides care for all ages – from the pediatric to geriatric patients.

Additional clinics/programs are also operational, namely:
  • Falls Prevention Clinic.
  • Lymphedema Management.
  • Cardiac Rehabilitation Program.
  • The Brain and Stroke Rehabilitation Program.
  • Women’s Health - Antenatal and Postnatal.
  • Weight Loss Clinic.
Occupational Therapy
Occupational therapists help their patients perform day-to-day tasks, whether they're recovering from injuries, or have developmental or cognitive disabilities affecting their motor skills, emotions, or behavior.  Some occupational therapy might happen in a hospital or occupational therapist's office, but a key component occurs in a patient's home or work environment.  There's a strong emphasis on the practical aspects of helping people do the things they want and need to do, so that they can live life to the fullest.

Occupational therapists at Columbia Asia Referral Hospital work with the patients across their lifespans to help them return to their daily activities in a pleasant way.  Occupational therapists also help children to participate wholly in school and social events.  They assist people to recover from an injury in order that they return to work well.  They also offer support to older adults who are experiencing both physical and cognitive changes. 

Occupational therapy service typically includes:
  • An individualized evaluation during which the patient, his/her family, and the occupational therapist come together in order to determine the person’s goals.
  • A customized intervention to improve a person’s ability to perform daily activities and reach his/her goals.
  • An outcome evaluation to ensure that the goals are being met and make changes, accordingly, to fit the plan.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners who have a holistic perspective of the patient’s requirement - where the focus is placed on the way the patient adapts to his/her immediate environment.  It is to be noted, however, that the patient and his/her family are an integral part of the therapy team.
The occupational therapists:
  • Help patients with daily living skills and self-care tasks (i.e., "occupations") such as getting dressed.
  • Support patients with memory loss or other cognitive issues.
  • Make recommendations about adaptive equipment and patients' accessibility needs.
Common conditions treated are:
  • Brain injury or stroke.
  • Spinal cord injuries and other neurological conditions.
  • Childhood developmental disabilities (developmental delay, Down syndrome, autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, etc.)
Therapy modalities are:
  • Early intervention and infant stimulation.
  • Neurodevelopmental therapy.
  • Sensory integration therapy.
  • Hand function and splinting.
  • Handwriting training.
  • Functional retraining and activities of daily living training.
  • Coma stimulation.
  • Cognitive Retraining.
  • Falls Prevention Clinic.
Speech Therapy
The speech therapy unit at Columbia Asia Hospitals provides therapy for adults and children whose ability to speak or swallow has been affected by injury or illness.

Our speech therapists (sometimes referred to as speech-language pathologists) assess and treat speech, language, and swallowing disorders.

Common conditions treated:
  • Speech disorders due to brain injury and stroke.
  • Disorders of conscious intellectual activity and communication.
  • Memory loss (dementia) in patients due to aging (geriatric patients).
  • Loss of comprehension of words due to brain damage (called aphasia).
  • Spinal cord injuries and other neurological conditions.
  • Swallowing difficulties (dysphagia).
  • Voice disorders and difficulty in articulating words due to central nervous system disease (dysarthria).
Columbia Asia Hospitals offers home physiotherapy/Domiciliary services:

Columbia Asia Hospitals provides comprehensive physiotherapy assessment and treatment in the comfort and convenience of your own home.  The hospital offers physiotherapy services to people of all ages who want to improve their physical and mental function and attain independent living.  Physiotherapy does help manage your pain, improve your motor function and balance, enable you to regain your strength, provide you independent living following an illness, injury, surgery or a fall.  The hospital provides services to patients in their own homes and offers treatment that is tailored to the patient’s individual goals.

Rehabilitation Services​
Physiotherapy led rehabilitation or physical rehabilitation is a clinically and cost effective intervention for those patients whose life has been adversely changed by injury, illness or disease and quality of live and activities of daily living is grossly affected.

Physical rehabilitation aims to optimise patient function and well-being, and helps the patient get back to mainstream life, doing as much as possible, what he was doing prior to illness. Whether at home, work or leisure, a person wishes to be independent to perform at least his routine activities without depending on anyone. Rehabilitation thus focuses on changes to functional disability and lifestyle restrictions based on the patient’s own goals for functional improvement. In most cases, physiotherapy led rehabilitation helps a patient regain strength to resume all functions or relearn skills or finding new ways of doing things to optimize the quality of life.

Rehabilitation is used for recovery from injury or disease and also for the management of long-term conditions (e.g. Parkinsons, stroke, multiple sclerosis etc.,).

Rehabilitation should start as soon as possible to speed recovery. The programs that combine many different components are likely to be most effective.

19 minutes of additional exercise a day in an acute or rehabilitation setting is all that is required to achieve:
  • Improved mobility and activity levels
  • Shorter length of stay in hospital
  • Significantly improved quality of life
Focus of rehabilitation
  • Physical therapy helps to regain strength, mobility and fitness
  • Occupational therapy to be able to perform daily activities
  • Speech – language therapy to improve speaking, reading, writing and swallowing
  • Treatment of pain and inflammation
Modalities selection
Depends on:
  • Age
  • Type of underlying problem
  • Goals set 
Rehabilitation in elderly
Common conditions in elderly needing rehabilitative care include:
  • Stroke
  • Heart attacks
  • Hip fracture
  • Limb amputation
  • Parkinson’s disease 
The elderly may have other features which make rehabilitation challenging and restrictive
  • Physically inactive
  • Heart related problems
  • Weak muscles, bones and joints
  • Dementia
  • Depression or other mental issues
  • Problems of balance and co-ordination