Anatomy of the female reproductive system

The female reproductive system includes both internal and external structures

External anatomy:

The main function is to allow entry of sperms and to protect the internal genital organs from infections. They include:

Labia majora: are large lip like structures that enclose the external reproductive organs

Labia minora: are the smaller lips within the labia majora, and surround the vagina and urethra

Bartholin glands: are present just beside the vaginal opening on each side and produce a mucus secretion that acts like a lubricant.

Clitoris: the labia minora meets at the clitoris, which is a small sensitive protrusion that with stimulation can become erect.

Vagina: is also the birth canal

Internal anatomy

Uterus: is the womb, which hosts the developing fetus and acts as a conduit for passage of sperms into the fallopian tube

Cervix: is the part of the uterus that protrudes into the vagina

Ovaries: are the two oval shaped glands that are located on either side of the uterus and produce eggs and hormones, like estrogen and progesterone

Fallopian tubes: are tubes that convey the ovum from the ovaries to the uterus