April 24, 2017
Dr. Govind Nandakumar, Chief of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Columbia Asia Hospital, Whitefield explains
While endoscopy is a procedure in which the gastro-intestinal tract (GI tract), colonoscopy is an examination of the large intestine through a scope placed into the body at the rectum. But it is often seen that after a doctor suggests endoscopy or colonoscopy, patients are often hesitant to go ahead with the procedure. This is because they are sometimes scared of the discomfort they’ll face during the procedure. Hence, Dr. Govind Nandakumar, Chief of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Columbia Asia Hospital, Whitefield suggests that it’s always better that the doctor uses sedation for patients and assures the patient about the safety of the procedure. Also, the patients should not hesitate to ask the doctor to keep them comfortable during the procedure. Here’s what to expect before and after an endoscopy and colonoscopy.
During an endoscopy  
Understanding upper endoscopy: In an upper endoscopy, an endoscope is placed into the mouth of the patient to examine the upper gastrointestinal tract(covering the stomach and duodenum).

Symptoms and indications of endoscopy: Upper endoscopy is done when a patient has upper GI complaints such as burning, inability to swallow or unexplained weight loss.

Results and findings of an endoscopy: Endoscopy can help in diagnosing colon (pre-cancerstage), ulcers and cancers. Any primary infections or anatomical issues like hernia, Barrett’s Esophagus, etc. can be diagnosed through an endoscopy. Read more about Why endoscopy ultrasound is better than conventional endoscopy

Preparation for an endoscopy: For upper endoscopy, a person only has to avoid intake of food and water for a set number of hours, as advised by the doctor.

If a person is obese or has difficulty in swallowing (like a very big neck), a procedure needs to be done before the main surgeryto protect the airway. This is a relatively quick procedure and not much preparation is needed. Read here World’s Smartest GI Endoscopy technology launched by Ventura Business Solutions & Smart Medical Systems

Understanding what happens during an endoscopy:
The patient needs to be comfortable when the procedure is carried out.

After the patient is made comfortable a scope is placed for examination.

What exactly happens after the endoscopy? After the endoscopy, the patient needs to wait for recovery. After a basic endoscopy, the person can go home on the same day, as advised by the doctor.

During a colonoscopy  

Understanding colonoscopy: In a colonoscopy, a scope is used to examine the inner lining of the large intestine i.e. colon and rectum.

Symptoms and indications of a colonoscopy: Colonoscopy is done when a patient complains of constipation, there is bleeding through anus, change in bowel habits or when there is a strong family history of colon cancer.

Results and findings of a colonoscopy: Colonoscopy can help diagnose inflammatory conditions, colon (pre-cancer stage), ulcers and cancers. Any anatomical issues like hernia, Barrett’s Esophagus, primarily an infection can also be diagnosed.

Preparation for a colonoscopy: Before a colonoscopy, the doctor will ask the patient to be on a liquid diet from a day before. This helps to clean out the colon so that there is no residue to obscure the view of the colon and rectum during the examination.

Understanding what happens during a colonoscopy: Patients are put on their side, given a sedition and a flexible scope is used to examine the anal region.

When can you go home after a colonoscopy?After a colonoscopy, the person can go home on the same day, as advised by the doctor.

Note: Patients should not ignore any signs of bleeding or change in bowel habits. If you see any symptoms, make sure you get a colonoscopy done, at the earliest.
Original Article: April 24, 2017