Symptoms associated with obesity & BMI Score How to Lose Weight Gain?

Weight gain or loss fluctuations are normal through out life. When these fluctuations are drastic,  it can be a cause for concern. Weight gain and obesity differ from person to person depending on their age, height and medical issues. For example, if you are pregnant, you are required to gain weight. It becomes an issue when weight gain is too much. Are you worried that you are putting on too many kilos and have no reliable knowledge on how to lose weight? And how do you know if you’re doing everything to prevent obesity in children?

How Do You Know if You Have Obesity with or without associated ailments?
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a tool to measure the extent of obesity, where weight and height are used in a formula. (Weight/height in meters2)

Classification of Obesity
  • Overweight (pre-obese) if BMI is between 25-29.9
  • Class I Obesity if BMI is between 30-34.9
  • Class II Obesity if BMI is between 35–39.9
  • Class III Obesity if BMI is =/>40
Overweight and Class I Obesity can usually be treated with diet modification, exercise and behavioural changes and do not require surgery. Class II and III obesity require bariatric surgery.

Health Risk of Morbid Obesity
Risk of early death is doubled compared to non- obese individuals. The risk of death from diabetes or heart attack is five to seven times greater. Social, psychological and economic effects of morbid obesity, however unfair are real and can be especially devastating.

Common Health Risks Associated with Obesity:
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Sleep apnoea
  • Hypertension
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Increased risk of heart attacks
  • Increased severity of symptoms of asthma
  • Gastro esophageal reflux disease
  • Stress incontinence
  • Low back ache and joint pains
  • Polycystic disease of the ovary
  • Decreased fertility
How to Beat Obesity
Obesity can be treated. It requires multi-disciplinary assessment by endocrinologist, psychiatrist, cardiologist, bariatric surgeon, dietician and others depending on the associated conditions. 

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