Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are those which are transmitted from having unprotected sex with an infected person. Common sexually transmitted diseases are chlamydia infection, gonorrhea, HIV AIDS, HPV, viral hepatitis, genital herpes and syphilis
STDs are mainly transmitted through body fluids such as saliva, vaginal fluids and semen. HIV AIDS is among the more serious forms of STD where the individuals’ immunity is compromised and the person is susceptible to some life threatening infections. A mother can transmit diseases such as HIV/ AIDS to an infant during pregnancy or childbirth. Many sexually transmitted diseases cause no symptoms in individuals and hence, it becomes difficult to track them.
Symptoms of STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease)
Sexually transmitted infections vary in their signs and symptoms. They go unnoticed quite often until complications occur to an extent where one needs to visit a doctor or when a partner is diagnosed with such complications.
Signs and symptoms that might indicate STDs include:
- Genital itching
- Painful urination, burning or discomfort while urinating
- Vaginal discharge in women, which may be foul smelling
- Swollen lymph glands
- Discharge from the penis in men
- Painful intercourse
- Open sores near the genitals
Causes & Risk Factors for STDs
- One of the biggest risk factor and cause of STD is having unprotected sex.
- Incorrect use of condoms
- Having sexual contact with multiple partners increases the changes of contracting sexually transmitted diseases.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment
Sexually transmitted diseases are generally caused by bacteria or viruses. The treatment procedure generally includes antibiotics, antiviral drugs and other medications. The investigations are done to find out which kind of STD a patient has. Sometimes multiple bacteria or viruses can be present in one person. At Columbia Asia Hospital, India, we provide you with the best treatment and care for sexually transmitted diseases. You can contact our helpdesk for more information on the registration and appointment procedures.