Orthopedics Spine Surgery Conditions & Types

About Orthopedic Spine Surgery & Surgeons

A person may experience back pain due to a number of factors such as an accident, strain or injury. Two major types of back injuries are spondylolisthesis and cervical radiculopathy, each having their own symptoms, causes and preventive methods. Back pain can be the cause of severe discomfort to an individual and various measures may be taken to treat it. Medication and physiotherapy will be tried initially. The last resort, when all else fails, will be a spine surgery.

At Columbia Asia, we have a team of some of the best spinal surgeons, who use the most advanced techniques to treat spinal conditions and disorders using surgical and non-surgical methods. One of the leading hospitals, for spine surgery, we assure world-class surgical methods, precision in spine surgery and quick recovery for the patient.

Is Spine Surgery Necessary?

After non-surgical treatment, if there is no improvement and you are unable to perform essential daily activities, then spine surgery becomes essential.

Different spinal conditions or disorders may include:

  • Herniated or ruptured discs
  • Scoliosis
  • Kyphosis
  • Spinal deformity
  • Degenerative disease
  • Trauma
  • Tumor
  • Infection of the spine
  • Growth disorders
  • Neuromuscular disorders
  • Myelomeningocele

Wide arrays of spine surgery options are available these days. They range from minimally invasive procedures (with a quick recovery period) to more extensive spine surgeries requiring a longer recovery period.

Spine surgery has a number of benefits that include:

  • Better physical fitness
  • Increased activity of the person
  • Capability to get back to work
  • Less intake of drugs and medication – leading to fewer side effects
  • Improvement in mood
  • Increase in productivity
  • Resuming regular daily activities

Risks Associated with Spine Surgeries:

Any spine surgery comes with risks. Hence, it is necessary to be aware of the possible risk factors you may face if you decide to undergo a spine surgery. These include:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Reaction to anesthesia
  • Heart attack
  • Blood clots
  • Recurrent disc herniation
  • Nerve damage

The risks may vary from person to person, being higher or lower depending on the extent of spinal condition or disorder.

Types of Spine Surgeries

Mentioned below are five types of spine surgeries, each having their own benefits and risks.

Spinal Fusion

This is the most common type of spine surgery for back pain. It has the spine surgeon joining the spinal bones (vertebrae) together. This restricts motion between the bones of the spine and limiting stretching of nerves.


To relieve pressure on the spinal nerves that may cause pain or weakness, the surgeon removes bones, bone spurs or ligaments from the back.


In foraminotomy, the bones at the sides of vertebrae are cut away by the surgeon to increase the space where the nerve roots exit. This helps relieve the pressure on the nerves, which in turn eases pain.


A cushion that separates the vertebrae may sometimes bulge causing a '‘slipped disc’ to press on a spinal nerve. This disc is cut in part or whole by the surgeon in discectomy.

Disc Replacement

An artificial disc, enabling continued motion of the spine, replaces a damaged spinal disc. This spine surgery method has gained a lot of popularity in past years.

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