Know more about Knee Surgery Procedures
One of the main causes of knee damage is osteoarthritis and in cases where conservative treatment does not offer relief, knee replacements can help relieve pain and restore function in severely damaged knee joints. Knee surgery procedures are advised if one has symptoms of stiff and painful knee that makes it difficult to perform even simple activities like walking and climbing stairs. Some may also experience moderate or severe knee pain at rest.
Knee Replacement Surgery Procedures & Treatment
During a knee replacement surgery, you will be administered general anesthesia or epidural anesthesia. Once the anesthesia takes effect, the surgeon will then make a cut of about 8 to 12 inches on the front of the knee. The surgeon then cuts away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone and kneecap. It is then replaced with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers. When fitted together, the attached artificial parts form the joint that will rely for support and function on the surrounding muscles and ligaments. Prior to closing the incision, to test and balance your knee, the surgeon will bend and rotate it to ensure that it functions properly. Expect the knee surgery to last for about two hours.
Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery
Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery has transformed the procedure by enabling the surgeon to perform the surgery without a large incision. Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery needs a much smaller incision, 3 to 5 inches, when compared to the open method. This procedure is less invasive as it permits the surgeon to work between the fibers of the muscles instead of requiring an incision through the tendon. Thus this approach results in minimal tissue damage. It also causes less pain, decreased recovery time and better motion due to less scar tissue formation.
Recovery after knee replacement surgery
The hospital stay on an average after the knee replacement surgery in India is usually three days. Majority of patients who undergo knee replacements procedure have shown dramatic and notable improvement within a month of knee surgery. At first, you may walk with the aid of parallel bars and then gradually use walking device such as crutches, walker or cane. Continue the use of these until your knee is able to support your full body weight. After about six weeks, most patients can walk comfortably with minimal support. Muscle strength of the knee can be restored with appropriate physical therapy as directed by your doctor. Post regaining the strength people who have had knee replacement surgery can enjoy most activities except high impact ones like running, jumping and skipping.