Joint Replacement: Hip & Knee

Joint Pain, Knee Surgery & Recovery
Joint replacement surgery is a procedure in which dysfunctional joints are replaced with artificial orthopedic prosthesis. Joint replacement surgery is considered in case of severe joint pain and complete joint dysfunction. Presently, the most successful and common form of joint replacement is prosthesis. Prosthesis is an artificial device that replaces a body part.

For instance, when the hip gets affected by diseases like osteoarthritis, reactive arthritis etc, or the knee gets affected by different forms of arthritis, joint replacement surgery is done. Joint replacement might be the right choice if a person is in a lot of pain and other treatment options haven’t worked for him/her. One should go through a thorough evaluation and discussion with a surgeon and clarify all doubts before accepting surgery.

Benefits & Risks of Joint Replacement: Hip & Knee Surgery
The benefits of joint replacement surgery can be listed as follows:
  • Reduces joint pain: The primary objective of a joint replacement surgery is to reduce the joint pain that one suffers from. One can expect the pain to completely disappear or reduce significantly. Most people opt for a hip replacement surgery or a knee replacement surgery for pain relief and increased mobility.
  • Improves a person’s life: When a person is in constant pain, it is very difficult for him/her to concentrate on routine things in life. Moreover, it makes a person short-tempered and depressed. The social life of a person gets affected in many ways due to the pain and limitation of movement. A joint replacement surgery helps a person improve the quality of life.
  • Easier movement: Once a patient undergoes a knee/hip replacement surgery, the person slowly regains the lost flexibility of his/her joints. A joint replacement surgery helps in restoring the mobility and functionality of the joints.
The risks involved in a joint replacement surgery:
  • One of the most common complications post-surgery is blood clots forming in various parts of the body, especially in the veins. To prevent this complication the surgeon advises early mobilization of the patient after surgery. Sometimes surgeons prescribe blood thinning medications.
  • Rarely an adverse reaction to anesthesia or damage to nerves, blood vessels etc, may occur.
  • Post-surgery complications like infection, thigh pain, hip pain, dislocation of the prosthesis may occur in some cases.
  • People with heart diseases, diabetes, weak immune system etc, are vulnerable to complications during a surgery. Thus, the patient’s medical history should be properly evaluated before a surgery.

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