First Trimester of Pregnancy Care Tips Pregnancy Symptoms & Tips for Fetal Development

Are you trying to conceive or have recently found out that you are pregnant? This is going to be a fabulous journey for the next 40 weeks! As you go through the first trimester of pregnancy, you can be intimidated by the sudden surge of advice from everyone around you.

First Trimester of Pregnancy: Tips for Symptoms
Pregnancy confirmation is done by a urine test. If it is negative, despite a delayed period… wait. You need to have enough hormones called Human chorionic Gonadotrophin, for the test to be positive. Some women may start the queasy feeling or beginnings of morning sickness. Some lucky women may not experience morning sickness. Eat smaller portions of food at frequent intervals. Eat food you like. Avoid being hungry as this can increase nausea. Avoid strong smell. Sometimes the morning sickness is severe and continues throughout the day and you are unable to retain any solids or liquids and you need to see your doctor. Some mild stomach cramps, increased frequency of urination and tender nipples are also encountered.

At 5 weeks:
You begin to feel giddy, tired and the feeling of nausea continues. You feel sleepy all the time. 

At 6 weeks:
Feeling of tiredness, excessive sleepiness, tender nipples, increased urgency and frequency of urination continue. Mood swings begin to appear. You would have by now zeroed in on a hospital and doctor. The doctor will now take a detailed history including, past history, family history etc. Some blood tests like haemoglobin levels, full blood count, blood grouping and typing, antibody screening, urine analysis, screening for syphilis, rubella, Hepatitis B surface antigen, HIV antibody tests, thyroid screen, blood glucose etc, will be done routinely. The doctor will take your weight, examine your breasts and perform an internal vaginal examination. 

At 7 weeks:
You continue to experience mood swings, nausea, urgency and frequency of urination. In addition you may start craving for some types of food like salty or sour food. You need to now follow a healthy dietary regimen.

8 weeks:
You continue to experience mood swings, nausea, urgency and frequency of urination. You become tired easily and feel sleepy most of the time. Your breasts begin to increase in size in preparation for breast feeding. Since your breast and tummy may be painful to touch, wear loose fitting clothes.
9 weeks:
Morning sickness, fatigue and sleepiness continue. Try to take a siesta after lunch and avoid strenuous activity. Warm baths and hot water bags on those aching limbs will soothe you.

10 weeks:
Mood fluctuations are more evident now. Tiredness and nausea continue. It is a good idea to start some mild exercises in consultation with your obstetrician. Breathing exercises and meditation help you cope with mood swings. Going for a walk is a good stress buster and is a good form of exercise. Get plenty of rest. Breast tenderness increases, so wearing comfortable clothing and a good support bra is vital.

11 weeks:
Now you will have to learn exercises. You will also have to work on a balanced diet. Weight gain is an important parameter to gauge your baby’s growth. Our dietician will help you plan a daily diet and the antenatal booklet also gives you advise on what to eat and why.

12 weeks:
Frequency of urination increases. However morning sickness comes down and with that your appetite increases. Drink plenty of fluids. Have small, frequent meals. Wear loose fitting clothes. Sit with your feet up to improve circulation. Walk around now and then to avoid blood pooling around the lower part of your body. The first trimester ultrasound and maternal serum screening is now done. Nuchal scan is also done.

13 weeks:
The nausea is now gone and craving for food increases. However heartburn, indigestion and flatulence become worse. 

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