Female Reproductive System Cancers Ovarian Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Symptoms & Causes

Cancer is a condition where there is uncontrolled growth of cells in a particular part of the body. Female reproductive system cancers start in organs related to reproduction. Most of these organs are located in the pelvis, an area located in the lower abdomen. Certain types of female reproductive system cancer include uterine cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer and vaginal cancer.

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in cervical cells. Cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. It is most often caused by infection with human papilloma virus. Multiple sex partners, unprotected sex, puts a person at high risk. Early diagnosis can lead to cure. Screening test called Pap smear is done to detect pre-cancerous changes. At this stage the cancer is treatable.

Uterine or endometrial cancer: The cause is not known but usually occurs in the inner lining of the uterus called endometrium

Ovarian cancer: Common after the age of 50 years and has a strong genetic predisposition.

Symptoms of Female Reproductive System Cancers

Early-stage ovarian cancer and other female reproductive system cancers rarely cause any symptoms. However, certain symptoms are evident in the case of cancers and they are listed as followed:
  • A person with ovarian cancer or cervical cancer can experience abdominal swelling and bloating of the stomach.
  • One of the common symptoms of female reproductive system cancer is white discharge per vaginum
  • Weight loss is a common symptom as well.
  • One might experience change in bowel habits.
  • Constipation can be experienced as well.
  • Vaginal bleeding or spotting after intercourse can be seen. The same might happen between periods or after menopause
  • Heavy vaginal bleeding
Treatment of Female Reproductive System Cancers
Treatment of female reproductive system cancers includes a combination of procedures.  Depending on the stage a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy is advised. In very advanced stages palliation is the goal.

In the case of ovarian cancer, the treatment generally involves removing the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, and the uterus. On the other hand, in the case of cervical cancer, hysterectomy is prescribed. Your surgeon will be prompt in removed as much cell growth as possible from the stomach. The surgical procedure can be less extensive if the cancer is detected at an early stage.

This procedure is generally done after the surgery. This is done mainly to kill the remaining cancer cells. In the process of chemotherapy, drugs are injected directly into the veins to treat cancers. It might also be used as an initial procedure to treat cancer.

Radiation Therapy
In the procedure of radiation therapy, doctors use high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be used with chemotherapy to shrink a malignant tumor. It is also used after the surgery to remove the remaining cancerous cells. Sometimes, it is given externally by directing radiation beam at the affected area to remove cancerous cells.

At Columbia Asia Hospital, India, we offer you the best treatments for female reproductive system cancers. We have our branches spread across India and you can contact us at our helpdesk to book an appointment with our doctors and consultants. 

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