Let us look at some of the precautions shared by medical expert Dr Radhika V Kumar that diabetes patients should follow to avoid any risk amid the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.
- While diabetes directly does not make you to get infected by Covid-19, it increases the risk for serious complications.
- Diabetes is a complex condition wherein the body's sensitivity to insulin is reduced.
- Strict adherence to Covid-19 protocol is important.
Covid-19 affects people of all age groups. However, people with underlying health issues like diabetes, heart problems, asthma, etc are more vulnerable to develop complications due to Covid-19. While diabetes directly does not make you get infected by Covid-19, it increases the risk of serious complications. When people with diabetes develop a viral infection, it becomes harder to treat them due to fluctuations in blood glucose levels and other complications.
Diabetes is a complex condition wherein the body's sensitivity to insulin is reduced. While insulin resistance leads to inflammation in the body and this inflammation can subsequently cause insulin resistance. This is a vicious circle and, in the process, other organs in the body get affected.
Diabetes causes the body's immune system to get compromised and hence a person's body has to fight harder to avoid the virus and also may need a longer duration to recover if he gets infected.
Also, there is increased chance of virus infection if the body's blood sugar level keeps fluctuating. With badly managed diabetes, the person might face severe complications, making it worse or at times fatal if timely treatment is not available.
Here is a list of precautions by Dr. Radhika V Kumar, Senior Consultant - Endocrinology, Columbia Asia Hospital, Sarjapur Road that diabetes patients should follow to avoid any risk.
1. Keep active:
Keeping fit is important to all and regular exercise can help diabetes patients in the long run. Exercise can help in maintaining body weight and can aid in controlling blood sugar levels. Regular exercise can also help in reducing the cholesterol level and blood pressure.
Exercise and yoga can also relieve you from the anxiety leading to balanced mental health aiding in better focus and getting sound sleep.
2. Monitoring your sugar level:
It is important to monitor your sugar level on a regular basis. Pay extra attention to blood glucose control. Any infection can increase the sugar level in your body if you are diabetic.
3. Consume nutrient rich food:
Eat food which is high in nutrients. Add more vegetables, peas, beans, grains, and fruits to your diet. Nutrition can help you increase your immunity level. Avoid sweets, junk food like chips, cookies, etc
4. Stay hydrated:
Remember to drink a lot of fluids throughout the day. Patients with type 2 diabetes are more prone to dehydration. Therefore, it is important to drink water, sugar-free juices.
5. Beware of the over-the-counter medicines:
Do not miss or skip your regular medications. In case of any fever or cold-like symptoms, visit the doctor and get the test done. Consuming over the counter tablets can fluctuate your blood sugar levels.
Strict adherence to Covid-19 protocol is important:
- Wear mask regularly
- Maintain social distancing when you are out
- Wash your hands as soon as you reach home
- Use sanitiser to clean your hands when you are outside
- Follow your daily exercise routine at home, if it is difficult to step out
Consult your doctor regularly to check the blood sugar level. Ignoring any mild symptoms or overlooking your diet can lead to severe complications. Visit your doctor at the Columbia Asia Hospital and take the necessary steps to keep fit and healthy.