Interventional Cardiologyis that branch of cardiology that specifically deals with diagnosing and treating cardiovascular diseases which includes congenital (present at birth) as well as acquired- like coronary heart disease, valvular heart diseases, cardiomyopathies, pericardial diseases etc through catheter-based procedures, such as angioplasty, stenting etc.
A number of procedures can be performed by catheterisation of heart and vessels: the coronary artery, peripheral artery or vein, the renal artery, although the commonest is the coronary artery. It involves insertion of a sheath into the radial or femoral artery and cannulating the heart under the x-ray vision (fluoroscopy). The radial artery has the advantage of easy control of bleeding in anti-coagulated patients, increased comfort levels as early mobilisation is possible.
Interventional cardiology offers an advantage of avoiding scars and pain and long post-operative recovery period.
Primary Angioplasty, the most rewarding interventional cardiology technique is now the gold standard of treating acute myocardial infarction (acute heart attack). It involves extraction of clots from the blocked coronary arteries with or without deployment of stents. It preserves the pumping function of the heart, so that the patient will have less chances of heart failure in future.
At Columbia Asia Hospitals, we offer interventional cardiology treatment options. Our cardiologists are trained in premier institutions in India and abroad and periodically update their skills to practice contemporary medicine. Evidence-based medicine and following international treatment protocols is the hallmark of the department.
- Angioplasty: also called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for treatment of coronary artery disease.
- Valvuloplasty: for dilatation of narrowed cardiac valves, which help regulate the blood flow through the chambers of the heart.
- Congenital heart defect correction: like atrial and ventricular septal defects- device closures, device closure of patent ductus arteriosus and angioplasty of greater vessels- aorta/ PA branches
- Percutaneous valve replacement: an alternative to open heart surgery
- Per cutaneous valve repair on the mitral and pulmonary valve
- Coronary thrombectomy which involves removing of a blood clot from the coronary arteries
- Peripheral Vascular Disease intervention which involves the other arteries like renal, carotids, subclavian, mesenteric, femoral or distal lower limb vessels