Herniated Disc (Ruptured or Slipped Disc)

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Herniated Disc (Ruptured or Slipped Disc)
Between the vertebrae of the spine, intervertebral discs are present which act as cushions providing flexibility to the spinal column. With ageing or injury, the disc may bulge or rupture causing herniation. A part of disc moves from its location and compress the spinal nerve that run alongside the vertebrae.

Disease Specification -The most common type of herniated discs includes herniated discs in the lumbar (lower back) and cervical (neck) spine. The clinical features include neck or lower back pain that radiates into the leg or arm, along with weakness and/or numbness. Increased body weight and occupations that expose people to over-exertion are the risk factors for the disease.

Diagnostic Tests -Physical examination, imaging tests (X-ray and/ or CT scan/MRI) and nerve tests are used for diagnosis.

Treatment -Treatment includes medications, heat or ice therapy, traction and bracing. Cases of excessive damage require surgery.