Viral Hepatitis

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Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Many illnesses and conditions can cause inflammation of the liver. e.g. alcohol,autoimmune diseases, etc. When doctors say viral hepatitis, they mean hepatitis caused by a few specific viruses that primarily attack the liver and are responsible for about half of all human hepatitis. There are several hepatitis viruses; they have been named types A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G. he most common hepatitis viruses are types A, B, and C.

Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A virus is more common in areas that lack adequate sanitation or have poor hygiene practices. Community outbreaks have occurred as a result of drinking contaminated well water or eating contaminated food.

Hepatitis A Symptoms —
Hepatitis A virus usually causes a sudden and short-lived illness. The severity of symptoms depends upon the person's age; in children, there may be few or no symptoms. In adults, infection usually causes a mild flu-like illness. Initial symptoms usually include fatigue, feeling run down, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, fever (temperature greater than 100.4º F or 38º C), and pain under the ribs on the right side of the abdomen

Diagnosis -
A person is diagnosed with hepatitis A virus based upon their signs or symptoms, a physical examination, and blood testing. The blood test becomes positive about five days before symptoms appear and remains positive for about six months after infection.

Treatment:
The treatment options depend upon the severity of infection and the patient’s physical state. Our doctors will suggest you the appropriate options after thorough evaluation.

Hepatitis B and C
Hepatitis B and C viruses are transmitted by exposure to the virus through infectious blood or other body fluids. viz. Mother to baby, Sharing of contaminated needles, transfusion of infected blood, sexual intercourse, etc.

Hepatitis B and C Symptoms —
Symptoms vary. After a person is first infected with hepatitis B or C, they can develop a flu-like illness that includes fever, abdominal pain, fatigue, decreased appetite, nausea, and in some cases yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice). In the most severe cases, liver failure can develop. The most common early symptom is feeling tired.

Diagnosis
Hepatitis B and C are diagnosed by testing the blood for specific antigens associated with the virus. Other tests which reflect the health of the liver and help the doctor to assess the treatment options include:

Liver enzyme tests (alanine transaminase [ALT] and aspartate aminotransferase [AST]), bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, albumin, prothrombin time, and platelet count. 

Treatment:
Treatment depends on multiple factors including severity of the symptoms and the options are a mix of specific antivirals and rest. Our doctors will suggest suitable options after thorough clinical evaluation.